The 14 Words

Tuesday, 17 December 2013

The countries providing the most migrants to Britain as number QUADRUPLES in 60 years

The number of foreigners in the UK has quadrupled in 60 years, new figures showed today.

Immigration accounted for almost half of the population increase since 1951, a study by the Office for National Statistics said as it released details of the top 10 countries people moved from during each decade.

It reveals major changes in where people come from, with more than a third of Irish-born residents arriving before 1961 and 86 per cent Poles arriving since 2004.

In 1951 – when Winston Churchill became Prime Minister for the second time – there were 1.9million people born outside the UK in England and Wales, equivalent to 4.5 per cent of the population. But by 2011 this figure had leapt to 7.5million, or 13 per cent.

The surge was driven [supposedly] in part by people forced to leave their home counties by war, political instability and poverty, the ONS said. The availability of jobs and education also draw people to move to Britain.

In recent months the government has moved to curb access to benefits, housing and health care for migrants to reduce the ‘pull factors’ which make the UK appealing to people from across the globe.

The detailed breakdown of immigration shows how people move to the UK from more and more countries.

In 1951 the top 10 countries, including Ireland, Poland, India, Germany and Russia, accounted for 60 per cent of the foreign born population. However in 2011 the figure was just 45 per cent, with Jamaica, Nigeria, Pakistan, Bangladesh and South Africa now in the top 10.

The ONS said: 

‘This shows that the population has become more diverse, with the non-UK born population in 2011 less dominated by the top ten non-UK countries of birth.’
For five decades Ireland topped the league table as the country from which the most migrants moved to the UK according to the census. However in 2011 those born India had become the largest group, with Ireland falling to fourth.
‘Migration of Irish-born to the UK stretches back to the famine of the 1840s in Ireland and was associated with rapid industrialisation in Great Britain throughout the nineteenth century,’ the ONS said.
‘This group has declined in absolute numbers over the decades, whereas many of the other top ten non-UK countries of birth have increased.
‘This is likely to be due to those who arrived a long time ago dying and not being replaced by younger migrants in the same numbers.’
In 2011 those born in India were the largest group of people not born in the UK at 694,000

The biggest increase in the Indian population happened between 1961 and 1971, when the number almost doubled from 157,000 to 313,000. In 1971 those born in India accounted for 10% of the whole non-UK born population, the ONS said.

As the number of Irish-born migrants has fallen, arrivals from Poland have risen. In the decade from 2001 to 2011 there was a 10-fold increase in Polish migrants in England and Wales, after EU movement restrictions were lifted.

The ONS said: 

‘In 1951 Polish-born was the second highest ranking group making up 8% (152,000) of the total non-UK born population.
‘This was a result of Polish migrants arriving during and after the Second World War. The number of Polish-born residents declined, largely due to mortality, until the 2011 Census, when 579,000 were recorded in the resident population.
‘This was almost a ten-fold increase from 58,000 in 2001; it was a result of Poland being admitted to the European Union in May 2004 along with a number of other central-Eastern European countries.’
The UK government is now concerned about the lifting of restrictions on migrant workers from Romania and Bulgaria from next month. Ministers have refused to publish forecasts for how many people might arrive from the two countries. But each time a country has joined the EU there has been a sharp increase in the numbers moving to Britain.

In 2011 there were 29,000 Hungarians who in the six years after joining the EU, accounting for 59 per cent of the Hungarian-born nationals. There were also 63,000 Lithuanians (65 per cent) and 43,000 Slovakians (75 per cent).

In addition, 68 per cent of the 80,000 Romanian-born residents and 54 per cent of the 46,000 Bulgarian-born residents arrived following Romanian and Bulgarian accession to the EU in January 2007, although transitional controls on these countries will not be lifted until 01 January 2014, the ONS said.

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